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Amazon, Costco Graded “F” In Cracking Down on Toxic Chemicals in Consumer Products

Reporters: Please contact Ivy Sager-Rosenthal, 206-854-7623 or [email protected].

Seattle – A new report released this week shows Seattle-based Amazon and Costco are failing when it comes to tackling toxic chemicals. According to the report “Who’s Minding the Store? — A Report Card on Retailer Actions to Eliminate Toxic Chemicals,” while some leading retailers are making significant progress to move the market away from toxic chemicals, other top retailers, including Amazon and Costco, remain serious laggards. Major U.S. retailers earned grades ranging from B for good progress to F for failing to develop and make public even basic safer chemical policies. Costco and Amazon both received grades of F, indicating a significant need for improvement by retailers to meet rising consumer demand for safer products.

Of the eleven retailers evaluated, three retail leaders are setting the pace for the entire sector by making meaningful progress toward safer chemicals and products. Walmart, Target, and CVS Health received the highest grades and have developed and made public the most robust safer chemical management programs during the past three years. Meanwhile, other large retailers remain serious laggards. Amazon, Costco, and Albertsons all earned failing grades. Amazon received the lowest grade of any retailer evaluated, accruing only 7.5 out of 130 possible points. Amazon’s market share is rapidly growing and the company is projected to soon be the biggest retailer of apparel and electronics in the U.S.

Retailers were graded on a scale of 0 to 130 points, and a corresponding letter grading scale was developed to match the points. Grades were assigned based on publicly available information concerning retailer policies and self-reported information concerning retailer practices. We also reached out to retailers, giving them an opportunity to review their draft score and provide additional information. Below is a full list of the retailers with their letter and corresponding number grades, ranked from the highest to the lowest graded companies:


The report card reveals for the first time significant improvements made to Target’s chemical policy over the past year. The company: 1) Added cosmetics to the categories of products covered by its policy; 2) Expanded the list of chemicals subject to its policy to include chemicals banned in cosmetics in the European Union and Canada; 3) Significantly improved its evaluation of suppliers’ transparency practices, particularly a new way for Target to evaluate fragrance ingredients against its restricted substance list; and 4) Added new criteria pushing suppliers to publicly disclose their fragrance palette, allergens in fragrance, and nanomaterials.

The report card also reveals for the first time that CVS Health has become the first pharmacy chain in the country to become a signatory to the Chemical Footprint Project. Additionally, CVS Health has pledged to publicly disclose its restricted list of chemicals in 2017. Best Buy also disclosed it is developing a safer chemicals policy, restricted substance list, and manufacturing restricted substance list, to drive harmful chemicals out of electronics.

In addition, SCHF provided recommendations for retailers including developing public written safer chemical policies, embracing “radical transparency,” and requiring reputable third-party safer chemicals standards such as Safer Choice and Made Safe aimed at promoting healthier products.

Laurie Valeriano, Executive Director of Toxic-Free Future, said, “It is disappointing that Amazon and Costco, based in Washington state, are not responding to the overwhelming consumer demand for safer products. Washington consumers have demanded, and policymakers have responded by passing, policies that restrict harmful chemicals like toxic flame retardants and bisphenol A in products and require companies to disclose the chemicals in their children’s products. Amazon and Costco owe it to their customers to provide the safest products on their shelves.”

Mike Schade, Mind the Store Campaign Director of Safer Chemicals Healthy Families, said, “As the holiday shopping season approaches, consumers should pay close attention to how big retailers are tackling toxic chemicals. Our new report found that some giant retailers like Walmart, Target, and CVS are taking meaningful and concrete steps to systematically drive toxic chemicals out of products. However, too many others like Amazon, Costco, Albertsons and Kroger have failed to make public even basic safer chemical policies. The eleven retailers we evaluated have combined sales of over one trillion dollars, a market power that can transform the toxic chemical economy.”


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